Laughlin (2014): Dreaming and Reality

Dreaming and Reality: A Neuroanthropological Account
Charles D. Laughlin
Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
In what sense is dreaming real to people of different cultures? How do they come to
conclude that dreaming is real, and how do they use dreams to expand their knowledge
and control of real events? The reader is introduced to dream anthropology and shown that
there are universal patterns to how dreams are experienced, expressed, and used by societies.
The distinction between monophasic and polyphasic cultures is described, the latter being
the majority of societies that consider dreaming as being in some sense real. Neuroscience
supports the notion that there is a natural realism behind the experience of reality in any
and all alternative states of consciousness (ASC), and that whatever the ASC, there is a
transcendental set of obduracies and affordances that condition the modeling, expression,
and social interpretation of experiences, most especially those encountered in archetypal (or
special) dreams.


About Tore Nielsen

Researcher at University of Montreal and Director of Dream & Nightmare Laboratory
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